The center of the juvenile justice system is the juvenile or family court (Moore and Wakeling, 1997). In fact, the term juvenile justice is often used synonymously with the juvenile court, but it also may refer to other affiliated institutions in addition to the court, including the police, prosecuting and defense attorneys, probation, juvenile detention centers, and juvenile correctional.
Introduction to Juvenile Justice. At the beginning of the 20th century, the idea of juvenile justice made sense to many Americans. Legislators and the citizens they represented believed in a separate system of juvenile justice, one that would be distinct from criminal justice. They wanted a separate court system that could save children from imprisonment in newly built penitentiaries and from.