To address the limitations, Nyerere proposes the philosophy of Ujamaa, a Kiswahili word meaning familyhood or brotherhood (Cornelli, 2012). Nyerere is highly acknowledged of his concept of Ujamaa philosophy which he considers to be the basis of African socialism. The term African socialism, was coined in 1962 by African.
Julius Nyerere was the first prime minister of independent Tanganyika (1961) and later became the first president of the new state of Tanzania (1964). He was a major force behind the modern Pan-African movement and one of the founders in 1963 of the Organization of African Unity (now the African Union).